FILM & TV GLOSSARY

UKFILMNET FILM & TELEVISION PRODUCTION GLOSSARY



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A

animatic

(Last edited: Tuesday, 30 July 2013, 4:41 PM)
A rough television commercial or film produced by photographing or digitally scanning into a computer storyboard sketches and then compiled into a video clip with the audio portion synchronised to the pictures. Used primarily for testing purposes.

animation

(Last edited: Tuesday, 30 July 2013, 4:41 PM)

any process whereby artificial movement is created by photographing a series of drawings or computer images one by one.

aperture

(Last edited: Tuesday, 30 July 2013, 4:41 PM)
The aperture is the term used to describe the size of the hole in the front of the camera that permits light to enter and fall on the film (or the electronic image sensor) that is collecting the light. The device that controls the size of the aperture is known as the iris. Hence the setting that measures the iris 'hole' size is known as the aperture.

Aperture is measured in f-stops and these range from f1.4 (fully open) through f2.0, f2.8, f4, f5., f8, f11 and f16, right up to f22 (fully closed). I.e. the larger the f-stop number the smaller the aperture size-the smaller the size of the hole permitting light into the camera. f1 .4 permits twice as much light as f2.0 and f2 .0 permits twice as much lighting as f2 .8.


artisanal production

(Last edited: Tuesday, 30 July 2013, 4:41 PM)

a production in contrast to the mass production of studio production. A filmmaker, producer, and crew devote their energy to making a single film.

aspect ratio

(Last edited: Tuesday, 30 July 2013, 4:41 PM)

the relationship of the television or film frame's width to its height.


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